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The Historic Centre of Cracow – an enchanting place with a fascinating history


The Historic Centre of Cracow was designated, in 1978, as one of the original twelve UNESCO World Heritage sites. The former capital of Poland is considered to be one of Europe’s most beautiful and historic cities.

What makes the Historic Centre of Cracow unique?

Cracow’s Old Town (Stare Miasto), is a popular destination for tourists from Europe and all over the world thanks to its wonderfully preserved thousand-year-long history. The city’s magnificent architecture - featuring the harmonious mixture of architectural styles that have flourished in Poland since the Middle Ages - mirrors centuries of developments in Central Europe.

The architectural plan of the Historic Centre was created in 1257 and features the largest medieval town square of any European city – Rynek Główny (Main Square). Influenced by the increase in tourist interest over the past decades, various ‘must-see’ tourist attractions have arisen – these include:

  • UNESCO and FCC: Main Square in Cracow PolandThe Cloth Hall (Sukiennice) – one of the city’s most iconic features. Once a centre of international trade, now a building of great architectural interest which was erected during the Renaissance, bustling with life and including numerous unique market stalls.
  • Town Hall Tower (Wieża ratuszowa) – built of stone and brick, a magnificent monument erected in the 13th century as a part of the old Town Hall, it is the only remaining part of the original Town Hall, which was demolished in 1820.
  • Adam Mickiewicz Monument – located in the centre of the Main Market Square - this bronze memorial of the greatest Polish Romantic poet of the 19th century is considered to be one of the most recognizable monuments in Poland, as well as a focal point for visitors to Cracow.

Kościół Mariacki (St. Mary’s Basilica) – a 14th century Gothic church, particularly famous for its altar, which was carved by the German sculptor - Veit Stoss. The basilica features two towers of different heights; from the taller of which a trumpet signal - known as the Hejnał mariacki - is played every hour. The melody is broken off in the middle in order to commemorate a trumpeter who was shot in the throat during the Mongol assault of the city in the 13th century.

No visit to Cracow would be complete without taking a tour of the famous castle, up on Wawel Hill. Just like the whole of the Historical Centre, Wawel Castle represents almost all of the architectural styles from Medieval, through the Renaissance and Baroque periods. Wawel Hill is also strongly connected to an important legend in Polish folklore – the Wawel Dragon!

FCC Environment CEE in Cracow

FCC Poland is one of the most important corporate groups offering waste management services in the country. It is formed by 7 companies, 5 branches, 9 waste processing plants and nearly 500 employees. FCC companies operate in 42 communes and serve 760,000 citizens, as well as 9,200 commercial and industrial customers.

FCC-branded vehicles have been present on the streets of Cracow since 2013. They are used to collect waste from the city's citizens, and they are also utilized to serve industrial clients and commercial networks.

UNESCO FCC truck in front of Wawel Castle in Cracow 

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Why with us

  • International team of experts

    Our team of more than 4,400 employees in 8 countries of CEE signs responsible for the smooth operation of all our services.

  • Waste as a resource

    Thanks to modern waste treatment solutions we give 540,000 tons of secondary raw materials a second life annually.

  • Just in time

    Nearly 1.3 million containers, skips and bins of all sizes and  1,347 trucks or special vehicles ensure secure and efficient collection and transport of all waste for further treatment.

  • Experienced service provider

    8 countries, 1,360 municipalities and 4.9 mil residents served, 21 joint-ventures with municipalities, 55,000 industrial clients. This is our brief profile.

FCC Environment CEE Group in figures

1 347 trucks and special vehicles

Over 1 300 000 containers and bins

79 collection yards

36 transfer stations

32 sorting plants

8 RDF (alternative fuels treatment)

6 splitting plants

20 mechanical biological treatment plants and/or composting

24 landfills

1 waste-to-energy-plant for household and commercial waste

1 incineration facility for hazardous waste

4.9 mil residents served

5.4 mil t/a of waste processed

8 countries

almost 55 000 industrial clients

Partner of 1 360 municipalities

21 joint-ventures with municipalities

more than 0.54 mil t/a SRM handled

200 GWh/a generated by W2E plants and landfills cogeneration units

4 500 km of streets cleaned

682 hectares of green areas maintained 

Did you know?
FCC CEE Group has more than 10 years of experience in used clothes business
Did you know?
300 to 400 kg of compost can be produced from 1 tonne of biodegradable waste
Did you know?
Metals and glass are 100% recyclable
Did you know?
In Europe, up to 90% of the green glass bottle is made of recycled glass
Did you know?
More than 0,7 litres of base lube oil can be produced from 1,0 litre of used mineral oil and is being used for engine, transmission and hydraulic oils
Did you know?
With the energy needed for productions of 1 drink can from bauxite, it is possible to produce 20 cans from recycled aluminium
Did you know?
Recycling of 1 tonne of steel saves 1.100 kilograms of coal, and 55 kilograms of limestone
Did you know?
Used paper can be recycled and used in fresh paper production up to 6 times
Did you know?
Recycling 1 tonne of paper saves more than 2 tonnes of wood
Did you know?
1 tonne of refuse-derived fuel produced by FCC CEE Group 600 kilograms of heating oil or more than 800 kilograms of stone coal
Did you know?
Recycling of plastics saves limited virgin raw materials (crude oil and natural gas) and reduces energy consumption by 80 to 90%