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Energy from Waste

Energy for the Future

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Myths and The Reality About Incineration

General discussions about incinerating of wastes are accompanied often by contra dictionary information about pros and cons. In reality disadvantages of incinerating are limited due to the fact of very strict requirements within the approval process and a following operation phase of modern incineration plants. Risk factors that could harm human environment are eliminated or definitely strictly controlled. The advantages of waste incineration can be recognized in all circumstance by everyone. Nevertheless, there still exist many myths about incineration.

  • It is true that emissions from waste incinerators need to be monitored continuously. But all waste incineration processes are now designed and operated so that residual emissions of pollutants comply with the emission limits set out in the Waste Incineration Directive (2000/76/EC).

    Source: Incineration Directive 2000 76 (pdf)

    All emissions are measured continuously and online reported to the authority. Additionally the input and the environment are checked by bioindication (sampling of soil, water, plants, animals- showing measurable damages to flora, soil and water fauna)

    Thus, emissions from modern incinerators are not likely to put our health at risk, and in reality there are many other far worse emissions from factories, road traffic on motorways, and even home coal and wood fires.

  • In the 80´s incineration was considered to be a great producer of dioxins. Technology meantime has improved so emissions are negligible.

    Dioxins are unwanted by products of a wide range of manufacturing processes including smelting, chlorine bleaching of paper pulp and the manufacturing of some herbicides and pesticides. Some of these processes produce much more dioxins than incineration.

  • Beside a profitable recycling and composting of waste from separate collection there is still residual waste left that is for incineration of value but not for any other kind of treatment. When using central heating and power generation, waste substitutes more valuable resources like coal, oil and so on…

     

  • Bottom ash from incinerators can be used in the road building industry.

     

  • Incineration plants can be located close to residential areas, which are the centers of production of waste, and this helps to reduce the volume of traffic, pollution, noise and of course the costs for the waste transportation. Many incinerators have their own rail connection (siding). In the .A.S.A. Incinerator in Zistersdorf 70% of input material is transported by railway transport resulting in less impact to the environment.

     

  • Except for profit recycling and composting of waste from separate collection, there is still enough residual waste suitable for incineration and unsuitable for any other processing. In the use of central heating or electricity production, the waste replaces more valuable raw materials, such as coal or petroleum.

     

  • Incineration respecting the EU directive causes no pollution to any source of water.

     

FCC co-financed the new Sensory Integration Diagnosis and Therapy Center at the Psychological and Pedagogical Clinic in Tarnobrzeg
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Why with us

  • International team of experts

    Our team of more than 4,300 employees in 7 countries of CEE signs responsible for the smooth operation of all our services.

  • Waste as a resource

    Thanks to modern waste treatment solutions we give 650,000 tons of secondary raw materials a second life annually.

  • Just in time

    Nearly 1.25 million containers, skips and bins of all sizes and  1,300 trucks or special vehicles ensure secure and efficient collection and transport of all waste for further treatment.

  • Experienced service provider

    7 countries, 1,400 municipalities and 4.3 mil residents served, 21 joint-ventures with municipalities, 51,000 industrial clients. This is our brief profile.

FCC Environment CEE Group in figures

1,300 trucks and special vehicles

Over 1,250,000 containers and bins

73 collection yards

39 transfer stations

34 sorting plants

7 RDF (alternative fuels treatment)

6 splitting plants

14 mechanical biological treatment plants and/or composting

23 landfills

1 waste-to-energy-plant for household and commercial waste

1 incineration facility for hazardous waste

4.3 mil residents served

4.8 mil t/a of waste processed

7 countries

almost 51,500 industrial clients

Partner of 1,400 municipalities

21 joint-ventures with municipalities

more than 0.65 mil t/a SRM handled

200 GWh/a generated by W2E plants and landfills cogeneration units

3,669 km of streets cleaned

398 hectares of green areas maintained 

Did you know?
FCC CEE Group has more than 10 years of experience in used clothes business
Did you know?
300 to 400 kg of compost can be produced from 1 tonne of biodegradable waste
Did you know?
Metals and glass are 100% recyclable
Did you know?
In Europe, up to 90% of the green glass bottle is made of recycled glass
Did you know?
More than 0,7 litres of base lube oil can be produced from 1,0 litre of used mineral oil and is being used for engine, transmission and hydraulic oils
Did you know?
With the energy needed for productions of 1 drink can from bauxite, it is possible to produce 20 cans from recycled aluminium
Did you know?
Recycling of 1 tonne of steel saves 1.100 kilograms of coal, and 55 kilograms of limestone
Did you know?
Used paper can be recycled and used in fresh paper production up to 6 times
Did you know?
Recycling 1 tonne of paper saves more than 2 tonnes of wood
Did you know?
1 tonne of refuse-derived fuel produced by FCC CEE Group 600 kilograms of heating oil or more than 800 kilograms of stone coal
Did you know?
Recycling of plastics saves limited virgin raw materials (crude oil and natural gas) and reduces energy consumption by 80 to 90%