Before we begin: take a look at the processing of your personal data

If you visit a site that records cookies, a small text file will be created on your computer and stored in your browser. The next time you visit the same page, it will help you connect to the web faster. Our website will offer you relevant information and make it easier for you to work.

We mainly use cookies for anonymous traffic analysis and to improve our website. If you set your browser to block cookies, it is possible that the website will slow down and some parts of the website may not work completely correctly. More info on the processing of cookies.

For anonymous visitor analysis, third party tools are used that partly transfer data to the USA, where no equivalent data protection level as within the EU can be guaranteed. By clicking on "Allow all", you agree that cookies may be used also by these third-party providers.

wood
Scroll to navigation

About the materials

Back to Waste to Resource main page

CLOTHES

clothesClothes are made of various materials (wool, cotton, linen, leather, silk, polyamide, polyester, polyethylene, etc.). Due to fast changing fashion trends, clothes are replaced way before they are worn out or damaged. Hence, approximately half of the collected used clothes are functional and wearable and are reusable as second hand clothes. We use for promotion of reusable clothes a special European wide protected quality brand  .A.S.A. Dress. .A.S.A. Dress is a synonym for high class textile second-hand products.

The rest is cut into industrial cleaning cloths, processed into textile fibre for use in fleece and ravelling industry, or used as an energy source in thermal utilisation.

We have more than 10 years of experience in the used clothes business, is market leader in Austria and is successfully expanding this activity in Eastern Europe.

COMPOST

waste-bioBiodegradable waste (bio-waste) consisting of greenery waste and vegetable food residues can be degraded and mineralized by living organisms to compost. Greenery waste comes from gardens, parks and cemeteries, solid vegetable residues originate from food processing, expired foodstuffs and leftovers. Depending on the composition of waste, 300 to 400 kg of compost can be produced from 1 tonne of biodegradable waste.

Compost produced in 13 composting plants of FCC Environment CEE (.A.S.A.) is utilized as valuable organic fertiliser (humus) in agriculture or landscaping.

GLASS

waste-glassGlass can be encountered in many everyday applications such as food packaging, windows and mirrors, safety glass or fibre optics. Production of glass from virgin materials such as siliceous sand consumes a lot of energy since the sand has to be heated to very high temperature in order to be melted. Melting used glass is less energy intensive and is practiced widely due to environmental and economic issues. Similar to ferrous and non-ferrous metals, glass is 100% recyclable. Recycling of used glass means in the first instance saving of energy and not saving of virgin raw materials (sand). Up to 30% less energy is consumed when recycled glass is used in the production of finished glass products. Currently, up to 60% of a transparent glass bottle in Europe is already made of recycled glass, in case of green bottle even up to 90%. We collect container glass (bottles, food packaging) and flat glass (windows, windscreens) and reintroduces it into new material lifecycle. In order to ensure best use of resources in all our countries, we cooperate with international glass smelters.

FERROUS METAL

waste-metalProduction of ferrous metal materials consumes substantial quantities of limited natural resources (iron ores) and is very energy intensive. However, ferrous metals are 100% recyclable and can be recycled unlimited amounts of times. Use of ferrous metal scrap in steel production process saves not only natural resources, but also more than 75% of energy needed for steel production from iron ores. This means: recycling of one ton of steel saves 1.100 kilograms of iron ore, 630 kilograms of coal, and 55 kilograms of limestone. Ferrous metal materials which we deliver to steel producers originate mostly from deconstruction of buildings, automotive industry and machine building as well as our own waste sorting lines and waste incinerators.

MINERAL OIL

waste-oilDepending on its quality, used mineral oil can be either refined into high quality base oil or processed to fuel for use in industrial applications. We are convinced that the reprocessing of used oil to lube oil will gain in importance in the future.

FCC Environment CEE, formerly .A.S.A. Group, is already delivering main part (more than 10.000 tonnes per year) of its collected used oil to highly sophisticated oil refineries.

Up to 0,7 litres of base lube oil can be produced from 1,0 litre of used mineral oil and is being used for engine, transmission and hydraulic oils. Furthermore, the energy consumption using used mineral oil as raw material is only half of that needed for the production of lubricants from crude oil.

NON-FERROUS METAL

non-ferrous-metalProduction of non-ferrous metal materials (such as aluminium, copper and lead) similar to production of ferrous metal materials consumes substantial quantities of limited natural resources (ores) and is highly energy intensive. For instance, production of 1 kilogram of aluminium from bauxite consumes 13 kWh. Substituting virgin ore with aluminium scrap saves 95% of energy and avoids land-intensive mining of bauxite. In other words, with the energy needed for production of one drink can from bauxite, it is possible to produce 20 cans from recycled aluminium. This example clearly shows how essential it is to recover secondary raw materials such as lead from accumulators, copper from cables and aluminium from cans and profiles as it is already done in all our CEE countries.

ORGANIC FAT

organic-fatOrganic fats are one of the basic nutrients of a human being and are predominantly used in food processing industry (conservation). Used frying and cooking oil can be processed into biodiesel fuel after it has been cleaned from food particles and water. Biodiesel fuel is similar in its properties to diesel fuel produced from mineral oil, it generates however exhaust gas which has lower soot content and lower particle as well as carbon dioxide emission. We collect used frying and cooking oil separately from other used organic fat materials and delivers it to modern processing facilities which produce fuels for diesel engines.

ORGANIC SOLVENTS

organic-solventsOrganic solvents solve or dilute other substances without chemically changing these. They are predominantly used in the production of paints and varnishes, adhesives, for anti-freeze agents in cooling circuits as well as in pharmaceutical and cosmetics industry. We collect all the different types of solvents (alcohols, esters, glycol ethers, ketones, as well as aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons) by using special collection equipment and trucks. Yearly, already more than 11.000 tonnes of its collected used solvents are refined for reuse as solvent or treated for utilisation as fuel.

PAPER, CARTON AND CARDBOARD

waste-paperUsed paper, carton and cardboards are collected and sorted by FCC Environment CEE (.A.S.A.) and sold mainly to the paper mills, which use the old fibres as raw materials in the production process of fresh paper. In Europe, on average 50% of raw material for paper production is coming from used paper. It is impossible to use solely used paper in the fresh paper production due to the fact that used paper can be recycled up to 6 times only, after what the fibres become destroyed and have to be substituted by virgin fibre from wood pulp. The specific characteristics of used paper make it very suitable for production of newspapers and packaging where utilization rates are 93% and 75%, respectively. It is possible to say that recycling 1 tonne of paper saves more than 2 tonnes of wood. Apart from this, recycling paper saves also high amounts of energy and water.

In Central and Eastern Europe our company belongs to one of the major players in used paper business. In cooperation with paper mills we ensure that used paper fibres are used in the production of fresh paper and not wasted on landfills.

PLASTICS

waste-plasticsUsed plastic materials are very diverse in their properties and applications. On the contrary to natural materials such as wood, plastic materials are synthetically produced by chemical conversion of natural products such as crude oil. Out of 16 types of plastics handled by our company, polyethylene (LDPE, LLDPE and HDPE) and polyethylene terephthalate (PET) are the most frequent ones. Various foils such as plastic bags, packaging foils and PET bottles are produced out of these types of plastic. Recycling of plastics results in substitution of limited virgin raw materials (oil and gas) and 80 to 90% reduction in energy consumption.

REFUSE-DERIVED FUELS (RDF)

waste-rdfFCC Environmmetn CEE (.A.S.A.) produces refuse-derived fuels (RDF) from selected types of waste materials in state-of-the-art production plants located in Austria, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovakia. Used plastics and commercial waste are main basic input materials for producing of different types of RDF. These solid fuels are going to industrial factories such as cement kilns, lime production plants or power stations. If we take the average energy content of RDF produced in our plants, the result of a simplified calculation shows that 1 tonne of our RDF saves 600 kilograms of heating oil or more than 800 kilograms of stone coal. Hence, we are capable to substitute limited natural resources effectively and economically.

WOOD

waste-woodWood plays an important role as raw material in construction industry, for furniture production as well as for use as ecological fuel. More than 400 million m3 of wood materials are consumed by the European industry yearly. Even though wood is a renewable resource the demand for it cannot be covered without recycling. Therefore recycling of used wood is essential and it needs to be redirected from the waste going to landfill.

Used wood is predominantly recycled as material in wood chip boards for the furniture and construction industry as well as used as a source of energy in power plants. Wood chip board producers in Europe are currently substituting up to 90% of virgin material with used wood. Besides the substitution of fresh wood, a further major advantage of utilizing used wood materials in chip board production is saving the energy needed for drying of fresh wood. One ton of used wood applied as fuel in power plants substitutes approximately 600 kg of stone coal or 900 kg of brown coal briquettes.

In cooperation with well-known global wood chip producers we are able to avoid wasting of used wood materials by pre-treating these and using as raw material in the production of goods.

FCC Austria's first e-truck is already out on the roads of Lower Austria.
08/08/2022

FCC Austria's first e-truck is already out on the roads of Lower Austria.

The brand new FCC e-waste collection truck can now be met on the streets of Lower Austria. Our new e-truck "Futuricum...
Together we can make a better world. … With Love for the Future!  One for all, all for the hospital in Arad.
26/07/2022

Together we can make a better world. … With Love for the Future! One for all, all for the hospital in Arad.

Since the very beginning, we at FCC Environment CEE Group have been committed to supporting communities in the regions...
Back2Life centre in Trnava celebrated its 1st birthday
28/06/2022

Back2Life centre in Trnava celebrated its 1st birthday

Back2Life Re-use Centre celebrates its first birthday. Exactly one year ago, in cooperation with the City of Trnava, we...
Newly reconstructed RDF plant at FCC in Brno
11/05/2022

Newly reconstructed RDF plant at FCC in Brno

In early April 2022, FCC Česká republika started up a modernised plant for producing solid alternative fuel from waste...
New Back2Life Reuse Centre in Zabrze
02/05/2022

New Back2Life Reuse Centre in Zabrze

Activities towards the protection of the environment and resources are not just a one-off affair for us. We strive to...
The portfolio of FCC insect hotels is growing.
25/04/2022

The portfolio of FCC insect hotels is growing.

World Bee Day will be celebrated on 20th May and FCC is already well prepared for the festivities. The insect hotel...

Why with us

  • International team of experts

    Our team of more than 4,300 employees in 7 countries of CEE signs responsible for the smooth operation of all our services.

  • Waste as a resource

    Thanks to modern waste treatment solutions we give 650,000 tons of secondary raw materials a second life annually.

  • Just in time

    Nearly 1.25 million containers, skips and bins of all sizes and  1,300 trucks or special vehicles ensure secure and efficient collection and transport of all waste for further treatment.

  • Experienced service provider

    7 countries, 1,400 municipalities and 4.3 mil residents served, 21 joint-ventures with municipalities, 51,000 industrial clients. This is our brief profile.

FCC Environment CEE Group in figures

1,300 trucks and special vehicles

Over 1,250,000 containers and bins

73 collection yards

39 transfer stations

34 sorting plants

7 RDF (alternative fuels treatment)

6 splitting plants

14 mechanical biological treatment plants and/or composting

23 landfills

1 waste-to-energy-plant for household and commercial waste

1 incineration facility for hazardous waste

4.3 mil residents served

4.8 mil t/a of waste processed

7 countries

almost 51,500 industrial clients

Partner of 1,400 municipalities

21 joint-ventures with municipalities

more than 0.65 mil t/a SRM handled

200 GWh/a generated by W2E plants and landfills cogeneration units

3,669 km of streets cleaned

398 hectares of green areas maintained 

Did you know?
FCC CEE Group has more than 10 years of experience in used clothes business
Did you know?
300 to 400 kg of compost can be produced from 1 tonne of biodegradable waste
Did you know?
Metals and glass are 100% recyclable
Did you know?
In Europe, up to 90% of the green glass bottle is made of recycled glass
Did you know?
More than 0,7 litres of base lube oil can be produced from 1,0 litre of used mineral oil and is being used for engine, transmission and hydraulic oils
Did you know?
With the energy needed for productions of 1 drink can from bauxite, it is possible to produce 20 cans from recycled aluminium
Did you know?
Recycling of 1 tonne of steel saves 1.100 kilograms of coal, and 55 kilograms of limestone
Did you know?
Used paper can be recycled and used in fresh paper production up to 6 times
Did you know?
Recycling 1 tonne of paper saves more than 2 tonnes of wood
Did you know?
1 tonne of refuse-derived fuel produced by FCC CEE Group 600 kilograms of heating oil or more than 800 kilograms of stone coal
Did you know?
Recycling of plastics saves limited virgin raw materials (crude oil and natural gas) and reduces energy consumption by 80 to 90%